广东11选5走势图

 
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中國如何實現可再生能源的供電替代?
發表時間:2019-10-29   |  來源于:第一財經  |  作者:  |  點擊數:246 

       HUASHINENGYUANKANCHENGQUANQIUBIANNUANDEYUANXIONG,GEZHONGWEIHAIZAOYIRENJINJIEZHI。DANGUANJIANWENTISHI,BEISHIWEIQIHOUBIANHUAJIEJUEFANGANDEKEZAISHENGNENGYUAN,NENGFOUZUYIDINGTIQIANZHEZAIQUANQIUDIANLIGONGYINGSHANGDEJIAOSE。

       JINRI,ZAIYICHANGZHUTIWEI“TIDAINENGYUAN:QUDONGWEILAIDEQIANNENG”DUIHUAHUODONGSHANG,AERBOTADAXUEXIAOCHANGDUWENBIN(David H. Turpin)ZAIHUIHOUJIESHOUDIYICAIJINGJIZHEZHUANFANGSHIBIAODALEXIANGSIGUANQIE:“WORENWEIQUANQIUSUOYOUGUOJIADOUMIANLINZHUTONGYIZHONGTIAOZHAN,JIRUHEZAIMANZUGONGZHONGNENGYUANXUQIUDETONGSHIZUODAOKECHIXUFAZHAN。”

       GUOJINENGYUANSHUYUCE,DAO2035NIANQIANZHONGGUORENJUNNENGYUANXIAOHAOLIANGJIANGCHAOGUOOUMENG,DAO2040NIANQIANZHONGGUOJIATINGDEPINGJUNYONGDIANLIANGJIANGDADAOMUQIANDELIANGBEI。KEZAISHENGNENGYUANNENGFOUMANZUJUDADEQUANTIANHOUGONGDIANXUQIU?

       QINGJIENENGYUANSHIDASHISUOQU

广东11选5走势图        GENJUYANJIUGONGSIPENGBOXINNENGYUANCAIJINGDEBAOGAO,JINGUANZHUANXINGSULVBUTONG,DANQUANQIUGEDIQUDOUZAIXIANGQINGJIENENGYUANDEFANGXIANGFAZHAN。CONG2010NIANYILAI,QUANQIUKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDERONGLIANGFANLELIANGFANDADAO1650JIWA,BIMEIGUODESUOYOUFADIANCHANGJIAQILAIHUANDUO。DAO2050NIAN,OUZHOUFADIANNENGYUANLAIYUANZHONG92%DOUJIANGWEIQINGJIENENGYUAN,HUASHINENGYUANJIHUBUJIANZONGYING,ERYINDUYUZHONGGUOLIANGDAJINZHUANGUOJIADEZHEYIZHANBIJIANGFENBIEWEI63%HE62%,MEIGUOZEZHIYOU43%。

       BUGUO,FAZHANZHONGGUOJIAWANGWANGRENGXUYAOTANMIJIXINGTOUZIHUOXIANGMUYIJIANSHAOPINKUN。ZHEYIKEGUANFAZHANGUILVYIWEIZHU,HUANCHUZAIGONGYEHUAJINCHENGZHONGDEGUOJIATANPAIFANGHUANWEIDAODING,YEBINGBUHUIZIRANERRANDIXIAJIANG。ZAISHIJIEDEFAZHANZHONGDIQU,MEITANRENGRANZHANNENGYUANXIAOFEIZHUDAODIWEI,WEILAI25NIANYUJIYINDUNIXIYARANMEIFADIANLIANGJIANGZENGJIAJINYIBEI。

广东11选5走势图        HAOZAIQUANQIUDUIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDECHIXUTOUZIYOULIYUJIASUNIUZHUANZHEYIJUMIAN。GENJUPENGBOXINNENGYUANCAIJING、LIANHEGUOHUANJINGSHUHEFALANKEFUCAIJINGGUANLIDAXUEDEBAOGAO,JIN2018NIANDEZHEYITOUZIJIUDADAOLEJIN2730YIMEIYUAN,SHIRANMEIHETIANRANQIFADIANYUJIKAIZHIDESANBEI。ZAIDALITUIJINXIA,ZHONGGUOYUYINDUDEMEIDIANFADIANLIANGJIANGFENBIEZAI2027NIANHE2028NIANDADAODINGFENG,DAO2050NIAN,TAIYANGNENG、FENGNENGHESHUILIFADIANZAIZHELIANGGUODESHICHANGFENEJIANGCHAOGUO60%。

广东11选5走势图        QINGHUADAXUEDITANNENGYUANSHIYANSHIZHUREN、JIAOSHOULIZHENGJIUCIHUATIDUIDIYICAIJINGJIZHEBIAOSHI:“FAZHANZHONGGUOJIARENGRANCHUZAIJIAODIDESHENGHUOBIAOZHUNXIA,YINCIFAZHANYINGSHIQIYOUXIANDIAN。LAOSHISHUO,NIBUNENGQIDAITAMENCONGYIKAISHIJIUWANQUANSHIYONGKEZAISHENGNENGYUAN,YINWEIZHEBUKENENGZOUXIAO。TAMENKEYICONGYIXIEKECHENGDANDEJINGJIXUANZEKAISHI,ERZHEZAICHUSHIJIEDUANZHINENGSHITANMIJIDE。BUGUO,WOMENKEYIZHANWANGDEWEILAITUJINGSHI,DANGTAMENCHONGFENFAZHANZHIHOU,DABUFENNENGYUANTIXIDOUSHILVSEDITANDE,ZHESHIWOMENKEYIZHUIQIUDEFANGXIANG。”

       DUWENBINBUCHONGJIESHAOCHENG:“(GUOJINENGYUANSHU)ZHI2040NIANDEYUCEBIAOMING,NENGYUANQIANGDU(MEIDANWEIGDPSUOXIAOHAONENGYUANLIANG)ZAIZHONGGUODEJIANGDISUDUWEIQUANQIUZUIKUAI。JIEXIALAIJINIANNEI,ZHONGGUODETAIYANGNENGGUANGFUXIANGMUCHENGBENJIANGHENKUAIDIYUXIANYOUHEXINDERANQIFADIANZHAN。2030NIANQIAN,ZHONGGUODETAIYANGNENGJIANGBIXINDERANMEIFADIANZHANGENGBIANYI。”

       QUANTIANHOUGONGDIANDEGUANJIANSHIGENGLINGHUODEDIANWANGXITONG

       NEIME,SHENMEYANGDENENGYUANXIAOFEIJIEGOUCAISHILIXIANGDE,NAZHONGKEZAISHENGNENGYUANYINGYOUXIANBEIXUANZE?

       YIFENGNENGHETAIYANGNENGWEILI,JINGGUOSHUSHINIANDEPEIE、JIANSHUIHESHANGWANGDIANJIABUTIEDENGGULI,ZHELIANGZHONGNENGYUANYIZAIQUANQIUGUANGFANBUSHUBINGZHUJIANTIGAOXIAOLV。PENGBOSHUJUXIANSHI,ZI2010NIANYILAI,FENGDIANCHENGBENJIANSHAOYUE50%,TAIYANGNENGCHENGBENZEDAFUSUOJIANLE85%,ZHESHITAMENBISHIJIEJIN70%DEXINJIANRANMEIJITIANRANQIFADIANCHANGDOUSHIHUI。

       BUGUO,ZHUANJIAMENPUBIANRENWEI,YIJIAOWEIDANYIDEJIEJUEFANGANHUIDATIDAINENGYUANQUANTIANHOUGONGDIANDEFUZAWENTISHIBUKEQUDE。JUPENGBOXINNENGYUANJINRONGDIAOCHA,DAO2025NIAN,KEZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANZHANDESHULIANGJIANGDADACHAOGUOFEIKEZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANZHANDESHULIANG,DANQIANZHEXIANGBIHOUZHEDEFADIANLIANGQUERENGBUKETONGRIERYU。

       DUWENBINGAOSUDIYICAIJINGJIZHE:“ZHEQIZHONGSHEJIFEICHANGDUODEKAOLVYINSU,SHISHISHANG,BUTONGZHONGLEIDENENGYUANYINGGAIBEILIANXIQILAI。BIRUSHUO,WOMENWANGWANGTANQITAIYANGNENG,DANYOUSHIHOUTIANHUIHEI,WOMENHUANHUITIQIFENGNENG,DANYOUSHIHOUFENGBINGBUCHUI(ZHEYIWEIZHUGONGDIANGONGNENGJIUBINGBUWENDING),ZHEYANGDELIZIHUANYOUHENDUO。SUOYIWORENWEI,XIAYIDAIDENENGYUANZHONGDIANSHISHEJIGEZHONGNENGYUANBINGNENGMANZUGONGYINGXUQIUDEFUZADIANWANGXITONG。”

       AERBOTADAXUEGONGCHENGXUEYUANDIANQIYUJISUANJIGONGCHENGJIAOSHOULIYUNWEITICHU,MEIYOUDUISUOYOURENDOUSHIYONGDENENGYUAN。TABIAOSHI:“DAJIADOUXIWANGJINKUAISHIXIANNENGYUANZHUANXING,DANZHESHIJIQUJUEYUKEZAISHENGNENGYUANGONGDIANDESHENTOULV(SHIJIGONGLVYUZONGDEFUHEGONGLVDEBI)XIANZAIDAODIYOUDUODA。”PIRUSHUO,JINGUANFENGNENGHUOTAIYANGNENGZHEYANGYIJINGCUNZAISHANGQIANNIANDENENGYUANKEYIBIANWEIBENDIHUAFANGAN,DANMUQIANZHELIANGZHONGNENGYUANFADIANJINZHANQUANQIUGONGDIANBILIDE7%。

广东11选5走势图        LIYUNWEIBIAOSHI:“RUGUOXUYAOJINYIBUFAZHAN,WOMENRENGRANXUYAOGENGDUOJISHUCHUANGXINYUJICHUSHESHIJIANSHE。BIRU,XIANZAIXUDUOKEZAISHENGNENGYUANFADIANCHANSHENGDESHIZHILIUDIANHUOGENGDIPINLVHEZIDEDIAN,ZHEYUXIANCUNDEDIANWANGGUIGEBINGBUXIANGRONG,WEILAIWOMENYAOZUOGENGDUOZHILIUDIANHEJIAOLIUDIANDEZHUANHUAN,CAINENGKUODAKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDEFADIANGUIMO。CIWAI,WOMENYEXUYAOGENGZHINENGDEDIANWANG,DUITIDAINENGYUANCHANSHENGDEDIANNENGJINXINGDIAOKONG。”

       LIYUNWEIDUIDIYICAIJINGJIZHEBIAOSHI:“DUIYUZENGQIANGDIANWANGLINGHUOXING,YEMEIYOUDANYIDEJIEJUEFANGFA。ZHONGYAODESHI,ZAIWEILAIWOMENDENENGYUANZHUANXINGZHONGDIANZHIYI,SHISHIXIANCONGZHONGXINHUAFADIANDAOFENSANHUAFADIAN,ZAIDANGDICHANDIANZAIDANGDIXIAOHAO。ZHEYANGKEYIJIANSHAOYUNSHUTUZHONGDENENGYUANLANGFEIHEXIAOHAO,RANGNENGYUANBIANDEGENGYOUXIAOLV。”

       DUWENBINBUCHONGCHENG:“MEIYIZHONGNENGYUANDOUYOUZIJIDEQUEDIAN,SUOYOUZHEXIENENGYUANDOUYOUHENDADAIJIA。WOMENDETIAOZHANSHIKANSHEHUIRUHEJIANHUANYIJIZUIXIAOHUAZHEXIECHENGBEN,ERZHEYESHIWOMENZHENGZAIZUODE。”

       YUELAIYUEDICHENGBENDECHUNENGDIANCHITOUZIJIANGGENGJIAHUORE

       ZAIQUANTIANHOUGONGDIANDEWENTISHANG,RUGUOKEZAISHENGNENGYUANCHANSHENGDEDIANLIANGWUFAHELICHUCUN,RUGUODIANCHIDECHENGBENTAIGAOYIZHIYUFADIANCHANGBUYUANYIYICICHUCUNJIXIAOSHIDEFADIANLIANGBEIYONG,QINGJIENENGYUANJIUHENNANTIDAIHUASHINENGYUAN。

       ZAIZHEYANGDEBEIJINGXIA,JINNIANDENUOBEIERHUAXUEJIANGSHOUYULEGUDINAFU(John B. Goodenough)、WEITINGHAN(Stanley Whittingham)YIJIJIYEZHANG(Akira Yoshino)SANWEIKEXUEJIA,JIAJIANGTAMENZAILILIZIDIANCHIFANGMIANDEYANJIUGONGXIAN。ZHEZHONGDIANCHIKEYICHUCUNTAIYANGNENGHEFENGNENG,RANGWUHUASHIRANLIAODESHIJIECHENGWEIKENENG。

广东11选5走势图        DUWENBINGAOSUDIYICAIJINGJIZHE:“ZHESHINENGYUANZHUANXINGTAOLUNZHONGHENZHONGYAODEYIDIAN,YINWEIWOMENXIANZAIMIANLINDEYIDATIAOZHANJIUSHIRUHECHUCUNNENGYUAN,ERDIANCHICHUCUNJISHUDEFAZHANHUISHIXINDEZHONGYAOMAIJIN。”

广东11选5走势图        GENJUPENGBOXINNENGYUANCAIJINGBAOGAO,ZAIGUOQUBUDAOSHINIANDESHIJIANZHONG,DIANCHIJIAGEYIJINGXIAJIANGLE84%,WEICHUNENGXUQIUDEJISUZENGCHANGTIGONGJIEJUEFANGAN。JUGAIJIGOUYUCE,QUANQIUCHUNENGZHUANGZHICONG2018NIANDAO2040NIANJIANGZENGCHANG122BEI,ZHEQIJIANDEGUIMOKUAYUEJIANGXUYAODALIANGTOUZICAINENGDEYISHIXIAN。

       HAOZAIYUELAIYUEDIDEDIANCHICHENGBENJIANGJILITOUZIZHEDUIGONGYONGGUIMODIANCHIDETOURU。PENGBOYUCE,DAO2030NIANMEIQIANWASHILILIZIDIANCHIDECHENGBENJIANGJINYIBUJIANGDIYIBAN。ZHEYANGYILAI,DAO2050NIAN,GONGYONGGUIMODIANCHIJIESHOUDETOUZIYUJIJIANGDA5210YIMEIYUAN,ERXIAOGUIMODIANCHIXIANGBIZHIXIAZEZHIYOU3220YIMEIYUAN。CIWAI,YIJIWAZUODANWEIHENGLIANG,JINSIFENZHISANDEQUANQIUCHUNENGZHUANGZHISHICHANGZHENGYOU10GEGUOJIAZHANJU。DAO2040NIAN,ZHONGGUOHEMEIGUOJIANGYAOYAOLINGXIAN,ERMUQIANDEZHUYAOSHICHANGHANGUOJIANGSHIQUQIDIWEI。QIYUZHONGYAOSHICHANGHUANBAOKUOYINDU、DEGUO、LADINGMEIZHOU、DONGNANYA、FAGUO、AODALIYAHEYINGGUODENG。

       LIYUNWEIYEDUIDIYICAIJINGJIZHEBUCHONGDAO:“YOUXUDUOZHONGNENGYUANKEYIYONGLIDIANCHIDEJISHUQIBU,BIRUJIACHUNRANLIAODIANCHI,ZHESHIYIZHONGDIANLICHUNENGDEJIEJUEFANGSHI。DANCHUCIZHIWAI,NIBIXUYONGYIZHONGCONGMINGDEFANGSHIKONGZHIFUZAILIANG,RANGFUZAILIANGSHIKEDIAOJIEDE。ZONGERYANZHI,ZHELIMEIYOUDANYIDEJIEJUEFANGSHI,BIXUZONGHEQILAISHIYONG。”

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